# Statistical physics of fracture, friction, and earthquakes

@article{Kawamura2012StatisticalPO, title={Statistical physics of fracture, friction, and earthquakes}, author={Hikaru Kawamura and Takahiro Hatano and Naoyuki Kato and Soumyajyoti Biswas and Bikas K. Chakrabarti}, journal={Reviews of Modern Physics}, year={2012}, volume={84}, pages={839-884} }

The present status of research and understanding regarding the dynamics and the statistical properties of earthquakes is reviewed, mainly from a statistical physical view point. Emphasis is put both on the physics of friction and fracture, which provides a microscopic basis for our understanding of an earthquake instability, and on the statistical physical modelling of earthquakes, which provides macroscopic aspects of such phenomena. Recent numerical results from several representative models… Expand

#### 121 Citations

Statistical physics of fracture and earthquakes

- Medicine, Physics
- Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A
- 2018

Some aspects of collective response of a long-ranged correlated multi-component system in widely spread length and energy scales are treated from various angles of experiments, simulations and analytical methods, and connected together by their common base of complex-system dynamics. Expand

Statistical physics approach to earthquake occurrence and forecasting

- Physics
- 2016

Abstract There is striking evidence that the dynamics of the Earth crust is controlled by a wide variety of mutually dependent mechanisms acting at different spatial and temporal scales. The… Expand

What can physical source models tell us about the recurrence time of earthquakes

- Geology
- 2012

Abstract Earthquake prediction, no matter what the timescale, has been and continues to be a contentious subject and it is indubitably a prominent challenge for modern seismology and earthquake… Expand

Mechanical origin of aftershocks

- Geology, Medicine
- Scientific reports
- 2015

This study shows that the size of the aftershock zone depends on the fault geometry, and finds that positive correlations among parameters controlling aftershock occurrence in time, energy and space are a stable feature of seismicity independently of magnitude range and geographic areas. Expand

Earthquake sensitivity to tides and seasons: theoretical studies

- Physics, Geology
- 2021

We investigate theoretically the effects of periodic-in-time modulations on the properties of earthquakes. To wit, we consider successively the one dimensional Burridge–Knopoff (BK) model and the two… Expand

A Description of Seismicity Based on Non-extensive Statistical Physics: A Review

- Physics
- 2016

Earthquakes have always been one the most intriguing natural phenomena for mankind. The abruptness of the shaking ground and the devastating consequences for the human environment were always… Expand

Story of the Developments in Statistical Physics of Fracture, Breakdown \& Earthquake: A Personal Account

- History, Physics
- 2017

We review the developments of the statistical physics of fracture and earthquake over the last four decades. We argue that major progress has been made in this field and that the key concepts should… Expand

Power-law rheology controls aftershock triggering and decay

- Geology, Medicine
- Scientific reports
- 2016

It is shown that nonlinear viscoelasticity plays a critical role in the occurrence of aftershocks, and the proposed model reproduces several empirical laws describing the statistics ofaftershocks. Expand

Complexity in the Earthquake Cycle Increases with the Number of Interacting Patches

- Geology
- Pure and Applied Geophysics
- 2020

Numerical simulations were performed to examine the effects of heterogeneity of frictional properties on earthquake cycles. In the model, rate- and state-dependent friction was assumed at a planar… Expand

Complexity and Earthquakes

- Mathematics
- 2015

Earthquakes are clearly a complex phenomenon. Yet within this complexity, there are several universally valid scaling laws. These include the Gutenberg–Richter frequency–magnitude scaling, the Omori… Expand

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